Study and work opportunities in Belgium for international students

Study and work opportunities in Belgium for international students

Study and work opportunities in Belgium for international students

Exploring the vibrant academic and professional landscape of Belgium, international students uncover a myriad of study and work opportunities that beckon them to embark on a transformative journey. From renowned universities to thriving industries, Belgium offers a unique blend of academic excellence and career prospects, making it an enticing destination for ambitious minds worldwide.

In this article, we delve into the diverse array of opportunities available to international students in Belgium, shedding light on the enriching experiences and promising pathways that await those eager to pursue their academic and professional aspirations in this dynamic European hub.

Belgium, a charming nation at the heart of Europe, beckons ambitious international students with its renowned universities, vibrant culture, and diverse work opportunities. Whether you dream of pursuing academic excellence or gaining valuable professional experience, Belgium offers exciting possibilities in 2024.

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Belgium offers a world-class education experience through its renowned universities such as KU Leuven, University of Ghent, and Université Catholique de Louvain, which provide diverse programs across multiple fields, often available in English. What sets Belgian education apart is its affordability, with public universities offering considerably lower tuition fees compared to other European nations, particularly for undergraduate studies. Moreover, students benefit from Belgium’s multilingual environment, where they can enhance their language skills in Dutch, French, or German while immersing themselves in a rich multicultural atmosphere. Additionally, Belgium’s strong research focus provides students with ample opportunities to engage in groundbreaking discoveries and contribute to innovative projects across various disciplines.

Tuition Fees and Living Costs For International Students In Belgium:

Belgium, nestled in the heart of Europe, boasts a rich cultural heritage, a high-quality education system, and a vibrant international community. For many prospective international students, Belgium presents an attractive destination for pursuing higher education due to its renowned universities, diverse academic programs, and multilingual environment. However, before embarking on this educational journey, international students need to understand the associated costs, including tuition fees and living expenses. We will explore the tuition fees and living costs for international students in Belgium, providing valuable insights to help students make informed decisions about studying in this dynamic country.

Tuition Fees:

Public Universities:

  • EU/EEA Students: Enjoy significantly lower tuition fees, typically around €979.60 per year for undergraduate and Master’s programs.
  • Non-EU/EEA Students: Pay higher tuition fees ranging from €2,500 to €8,000 per year, depending on the program and university.
  • Additional Fees: Expect to pay administrative fees ranging from €150 to €350 per semester.
  • Private Universities: Generally have higher tuition fees than public universities, often exceeding €10,000 per year.

Living Costs:

  • Accommodation: This takes a significant chunk of your budget. Expect to spend:
    €300-€500 per month: Shared apartment with a private room (higher in Brussels).
    €500-€700+ per month: Studio apartment or individual room in a city center.
  • Food: Plan for:
    €250-€300 per month: Groceries and occasional dining out.
    €5-€10 per meal: Eating out at restaurants.
  • Transportation: Public transport is efficient and affordable:
    €50-€70 per month: Public transport pass.
    €2-€3 per trip: Single tickets.
  • Utilities and Internet: Budget:
    €50-€100 per month: Electricity, water, and internet.
  • Phone:
    €20-€30 per month: Mobile phone plan.
  • Health Insurance: Mandatory for international students, typically covered by student visa.
  • Textbooks and Supplies: Varies depending on your program, budget around €50 per month.
  • Social Activities and Entertainment: Allocate some funds for leisure, depending on your lifestyle.
  • Travel: Consider occasional trips within Belgium or Europe.

Regional Variations:

  • Brussels: Generally the most expensive city, followed by larger cities like Ghent and Leuven. Smaller towns offer lower costs.
  • Language: The Flemish Region (Dutch-speaking) might have slightly lower costs than the Wallonia (French-speaking) Region.

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Job  Opportunities For International Students In Belgium:

Belgium offers promising job opportunities for international students, both during their studies and after graduation. Here’s a breakdown of your options:

Part-Time Work:

Allowed to work up to 20 hours per week during the academic year and full-time during holidays. Places or jobs like; Restaurant and bar staff, retail assistants, tutoring, language assistants, administrative assistants, and freelance work. Gain valuable work experience, earn income to support your living expenses, and network with locals. These are been resources by Erasmus Student Network (ESN), university career centers, and job boards like Indeed and Monster.


Gain valuable professional experience in your field. Many internships offer opportunities for future employment. Available in various sectors; Engineering, business, technology, healthcare, and international organizations. Typically 3-6 months, some offer longer placements.
Resources: University internship offices, online platforms like AIESEC and IAESTE, and company websites.

Post-Graduation Opportunities:

A post-graduation work permit is available to stay in Belgium for up to 18 months after graduation to seek full-time employment. Also, apply for this visa if you secure a job offer relevant to your qualifications and experience. Focus on in-demand fields such as; Engineering, IT, healthcare, business, logistics, and renewable energy.
Resources: VDAB (Flanders), Le Forem (Wallonia), Brussels Actiris (Brussels), and professional networking platforms like LinkedIn.

Also, remember to have the following skills;

  • Learning the local language in Dutch or French increases your employability significantly.
  • Attend career fairs, join professional associations, connect with alumni, and utilize university resources.
  • Highlight relevant skills and experiences, and showcase your cultural adaptability.
  • The job market can be competitive, so persistence and a strong application are crucial, so you have to be ready for competition.
    Important Note: Visa regulations and work permit requirements can change, so always consult official sources for the most up-to-date information.

List Of Top Universities In Belgium To Study:

Choosing the right university for your studies is crucial, and Belgium offers several excellent options across diverse fields. To help you navigate, here’s a list of top universities in Belgium, considering various factors:

Overall Rankings:

  • KU Leuven:
  • Ghent University
  • Université Catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain)
  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)
  • Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)
  • Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management
  • Hasselt University
  • Antwerp Management School
  • University of Liège
  • Université de Mons

KU Leuven:

KU Leuven, founded in 1425, is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities globally. Initially focused on theology, philosophy, law, and medicine, it grew to become a prominent center of learning and research in Europe. Throughout its history, the university experienced linguistic and cultural shifts, division, and eventual reunification. Today, KU Leuven is internationally recognized for its academic excellence, offering a wide range of programs across various disciplines. With modern infrastructure and a commitment to innovation, it continues to uphold its reputation as a leading institution of higher education.

Ghent University:

Ghent University, founded in 1817 as the State University of Ghent, has evolved into a renowned institution known for its academic excellence and research contributions. Initially offering limited faculties, it expanded its programs and gained autonomy in 1930. The university has adapted to linguistic and cultural shifts, embracing modernization, innovation, and international collaborations. Today, Ghent University’s commitment to sustainability and social responsibility is evident, reflecting its enduring legacy as a leading center of higher education in Belgium and beyond.

Université Catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain):

Founded in 1834, Université Catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain) is a renowned Catholic university in Belgium. It emerged from the desire of Belgian Catholics for independent higher education. UCLouvain has undergone linguistic shifts and experienced separation and reunification, contributing to its rich history. With a focus on academic excellence, it offers a wide range of programs and has expanded its research activities. Today, UCLouvain is internationally recognized for its contributions to various fields, reflecting its commitment to Catholic education and societal impact.

Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB):

The Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) traces its roots back to the 19th century when it was founded as the Free University of Brussels (Université Libre de Bruxelles) in 1834. Initially established to promote academic freedom and independence, it later split into two separate institutions, with VUB becoming the Dutch-speaking university. Over the years, VUB has grown into a leading institution known for its academic excellence, research, and innovation. It has embraced internationalization, fostering partnerships and collaborations with universities worldwide. Located in Brussels, the university continues to play a significant role in shaping the future of education and research in Belgium and beyond.

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB):

Founded in 1834, the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) emerged as a secular alternative to state-controlled education, advocating for academic freedom and rationalism. With a focus on liberal and humanistic principles, ULB expanded its academic offerings and gained recognition for its excellence in various fields. Situated in Brussels, the university promotes French language and culture while engaging in international collaboration and fostering social justice and equality. ULB’s commitment to academic freedom and enlightenment values continues to define its identity as a leading institution of higher education.

Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management:

The Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management (SBS-EM) traces its roots to the establishment of the Solvay Business School in 1903 by Ernest Solvay. Since then, it has evolved into a leading business school known for its innovative curriculum, rigorous academic standards, and commitment to research. Affiliated with the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), SBS-EM prioritizes internationalization and has gained global recognition for its excellence in economics and management education. With a strong alumni network and modern infrastructure, the school continues to significantly impact business and economics in Belgium and beyond.

Hasselt University:

Hasselt University (UHasselt) was founded in 1971 as the Limburg Universitair Centrum (LUC) to meet the educational needs of the Limburg province in Belgium. Since then, it has evolved into a dynamic institution focusing on innovation, sustainability, and interdisciplinary research. Renamed UHasselt in 2005, the university has diversified its academic offerings and gained recognition for its commitment to addressing global challenges. With a modern campus, international partnerships, and a focus on academic excellence, UHasselt continues to make significant contributions to higher education and research in Belgium and beyond.

Antwerp Management School:

Antwerp Management School (AMS) was founded in 1959 as the “Instituut voor Postuniversitair Onderwijs” by the Antwerp World Trade Center Association. It has since evolved into a prominent institution offering a wide range of management education programs. Through internationalization efforts, AMS has established partnerships with institutions worldwide, earning accreditations and rankings for its quality education. The school maintains close ties with the corporate sector, ensuring its curriculum remains relevant and practical. Located in Antwerp, Belgium, AMS provides a modern campus conducive to learning and collaboration, making a significant impact on the global business landscape.

University of Liège:

Founded in 1817, the University of Liège (ULiège) is one of Belgium’s oldest universities. It has evolved into a leading institution, offering a wide range of academic disciplines and research activities. ULiège has played a pivotal role in advancing knowledge and innovation, gaining recognition for its academic excellence and contributions to various fields. With campuses in Liège and the surrounding region, the university continues to uphold its reputation as a hub of learning and research, attracting students and scholars from around the world.

Université de Mons:

The Université de Mons (UMons) was established in 2009 through the merger of the Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix (FUNDP) in Namur and the Université de Mons-Hainaut (UMH) in Mons. Despite its relatively recent formation, UMons has quickly gained recognition as a reputable institution of higher education. By integrating the academic programs and research activities of its predecessor institutions, UMons offers a broad range of disciplines and research opportunities. The university prioritizes internationalization, collaborates with global partners, and invests in modern facilities and resources to support its academic and research endeavors. UMons is known for its academic excellence and continues to attract students and scholars from Belgium and beyond, contributing to its vibrant academic community.

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Advantages of Studying In Belgium:

Studying in Belgium offers numerous advantages for international students, from high-quality education to cultural immersion and career opportunities. Detailed advantages of studying in Belgium are stated below:

Belgian universities are renowned for their high academic standards and rigorous education systems. The country boasts several prestigious institutions consistently ranked among the top universities globally, offering a wide range of programs in various fields of study.

Multilingual Environment: Belgium is a multilingual country with three official languages: Dutch, French, and German. Many universities offer programs in English, making education accessible to international students. Studying in Belgium provides an excellent opportunity to learn or improve language skills, enhancing cultural integration and career prospects.

Situated at the crossroads of Western Europe, Belgium offers easy access to neighboring countries such as France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. This central location provides students with opportunities for travel, cultural exploration, and networking across Europe.

Cultural Diversity: Belgium is known for its rich cultural heritage, diverse population, and vibrant cities. Students have the chance to experience a blend of Flemish, French, and German cultures and explore historical sites, museums, festivals, and culinary delights.

Affordable Tuition Fees: Compared to many other European countries and the United States, tuition fees in Belgium are relatively affordable, especially for EU/EEA students. Additionally, there are various scholarships, grants, and financial aid options available to international students, helping to reduce the financial burden of education.

Strong Economy and Job Opportunities: Belgium boasts a stable and prosperous economy, with a high standard of living. The country is home to numerous multinational companies, EU institutions, and international organizations, providing ample job opportunities for skilled professionals. International students can benefit from part-time employment opportunities during their studies and favorable post-graduation work options.

Innovative Research Environment: Belgian universities are at the forefront of research and innovation in various fields, including science, technology, engineering, and humanities. Students have access to state-of-the-art facilities, laboratories, and research centers, fostering creativity, critical thinking, and collaboration.

International Networking Opportunities: Studying in Belgium allows students to interact with peers and faculty members from diverse cultural and academic backgrounds. Universities often organize international events, conferences, and exchange programs, facilitating networking and collaboration with students and professionals worldwide.

Belgium offers a high quality of life with excellent healthcare, public transportation, safety, and environmental sustainability. The country’s compact size and efficient infrastructure make it easy to navigate and explore, contributing to a comfortable and enriching student experience.

Disadvantages of Studying In Belgium:

While studying in Belgium offers numerous advantages, there are also some potential disadvantages that international students should consider:

Language Barrier: Although many programs are offered in English, particularly at the master’s level, the country’s official languages are Dutch, French, and German. International students may encounter challenges in everyday communication or when seeking part-time jobs or internships if they do not speak the local language.

Cost of Living: While tuition fees in Belgium are relatively affordable compared to other countries, the cost of living can be high, particularly in cities like Brussels and Antwerp. Accommodation, transportation, and daily expenses such as food and entertainment can strain students’ budgets, especially those from countries with weaker currencies.

While there are some scholarships and financial aid options available to international students, the number of scholarships offered by Belgian universities may be limited compared to other countries. Competition for scholarships can be fierce, and not all students may qualify for financial assistance.

Complex Visa Procedures: Obtaining a student visa for Belgium can be a bureaucratic process, requiring documentation, financial proof, and sometimes language proficiency tests. Delays or complications in visa processing may disrupt students’ travel plans or enrollment timelines.

Weather: Belgium has a maritime temperate climate, characterized by mild, wet winters and cool summers. Some students may find the weather gloomy or challenging to adjust to, particularly those accustomed to warmer or sunnier climates.

While Belgium is a welcoming and multicultural society, international students may still face integration challenges, including cultural differences, social norms, and adapting to local customs. Building a social network and feeling a sense of belonging may take time and effort.

Limited Work Opportunities for Non-EU Students: Non-EU/EEA students face restrictions on working during their studies in Belgium, with limitations on working hours and types of employment. Finding part-time jobs or internships may be more challenging for these students, impacting their ability to supplement their income or gain practical experience.

Despite these potential disadvantages, many international students find studying in Belgium to be a rewarding experience, with the advantages often outweighing the challenges. It’s essential for prospective students to carefully weigh the pros and cons and consider their priorities and circumstances before making a decision.


In conclusion, Belgium offers a wealth of study and work opportunities for international students, making it an attractive destination for those seeking a high-quality education and valuable work experience. With prestigious universities, diverse academic programs, and a multilingual environment, students can immerse themselves in a rich cultural heritage while receiving top-notch education. Additionally, Belgium’s strong economy, central location in Europe, and multinational companies create favorable conditions for part-time employment, internships, and post-graduation career prospects. Despite potential challenges such as language barriers and bureaucratic procedures, the advantages of studying in Belgium often outweigh the drawbacks. Overall, for international students looking to broaden their horizons, gain new skills, and build a solid foundation for their future, Belgium stands as a promising and rewarding destination for academic and professional growth.

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